In a family setting, there are some countries characterized as patriarchal, where it is the man who had the final say for the family’s decisions. For example in the Philippines, the father is called the “Haligi ng Tahanan”. The father serves as the strong foundation of the family and expected to be the bread winner to finance the needs of his family. However, the mother being the “Ilaw ng Tahanan” is expected to do the household chores, take care of the children and to teach the children the good manners.
The said instance is somehow no longer emphasised in this country because of economic reason.
From the words of Odine O. De Guzman of University of the Philippines’ Center for Women’s Studies: Gender, recognizes that prevailing gender stereotyped and women’s less valued social roles, control over and access to material and non-material resources. Even when women engaged in paid employment or community work, they tend to be drawn into ‘woman oriented jobs – extensions of conventional domestic roles. They are paid and rewarded less than men for the same or similar jobs, as their lower valued domestic work and status defined the value of their public sphere activities.
Additionally, most societies tend to stereotype women as wives, mothers and consumers, and men as breadwinners, public figures, and producers. Socially determined attributes or women and men are likewise associated with their genteel domestic roles and aggressive productive public sphere respectively. (De Guzman)
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